Issue: 2021/Vol.31/No.2, Pages 59-92
CONTAGION EFFECTS ON CAPITAL AND FOREX MARKETS AROUND GFC AND COVID-19 CRISES. A COMPARATIVE STUDY
Cite as: K. Brania, H. Gurgul. Contagion effects on capital and forex markets around GFC and COVID-19 crises. A comparative study. Operations Research and Decisions 2021: 31(2), 59-92. DOI 10.37190/ord210203
The spread of crises across the financial and capital markets of different countries has been studied. The standard method of contagion detection is based on the evolution of the correlation matrix for the example of exchange rates or returns, usually after removing univariate dynamics with the GARCH model. It is a common observation that crises that have occurred in one financial market are usually transmitted to other financial markets/countries simultaneously and that they are visible in different financial variables such as returns and volatility which determine probability distribution. The changes in distributions can be detected through changes in the descriptive statistics of, e.g., returns characterised by expected value, variance, skewness, kurtosis, and other statistics. They determine the shape of the distribution function of returns. These descriptive statistics display dynamics over time. Moreover, they can interreact within the given financial or capital market and among markets. We use the FX currency cluster represented by some of the major currencies and currencies of the Višegrad group. In analysing capital markets in terms of equity indexes, we chose developed markets, such as DAX 30, AEX 25, CAC 40, EURSTOXX 50, FTSE 100, ASX 200, SPX 500, NASDAQ 100, and RUSSEL 2000. We aim to check the changes in descriptive statistics, matrices of correlation concerning exchange rates, returns and volatility based on the data listed above, surrounding two crises: the global financial crisis (GFC) in 2007–2009 and Covid 2019.
Keywords: contagion, correlation, exchange rates, returns, volatility, GFC in 2007–2009, Covid 2019
Received: 16 March 2021 Accepted: 26 May 2021